What are the emerging solutions that can recycle a diverse range of products at increased yields and at reduced costs?

Recycling undoubtedly is a smart and practical avenue to manage waste. But even today, only a small part of recyclable waste is recycled in most countries. The reasons are partly technical, partly economical and partly owing to poor systems and processes. What innovations in technologies, processes, policies and business models can enhance the effectiveness of recycling so that a much larger portion of waste going out of homes and industries get back into the system for use?